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Safety Guide For Float Glass Production

Views: 3     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2024-04-03      Origin: Site

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Float glass production involves a continuous manufacturing process where molten glass is poured onto a pool of molten tin, resulting in a smooth and uniform glass sheet. This process eliminates the need for polishing, making float glass the preferred choice for architectural and automotive applications. Key stages in float glass production include melting, refining, forming, annealing, and cutting.


In the production of float glass, safety is paramount at every stage to ensure the well-being of workers and the quality of the final product.


float glass production


Potential Hazards in Float Glass Production:


Several hazards are associated with float glass production, common hazards including:


Heat-related hazards from molten glass and furnace operations.


Chemical hazards from the use and handling of various substances such as raw materials and cleaning agents.


Machinery hazards related to the operation of glass forming machines, conveyors, and cutting equipment.


Electrical hazards from the use of electrical equipment in wet or dusty environments.

Falling objects and material handling risks during glass handling and transportation.


Float glass production safety matters


Here are safety matters that need attention at each production stage:


1.Preparation before work begins


Wear appropriate PPE such as safety glasses, gloves, hard hats, hearing protection, and safety shoes at all times while working in the production area.


Ensure all machinery and equipment are properly maintained and inspected regularly for any defects.


Keep the production area clean and free of flammable materials. Install and maintain fire detection and suppression systems.


Inspect electrical systems and equipment for any signs of damage or wear. Avoid overloading electrical circuits and outlets.


2.Raw Material Handling and Preparation


Proper handling of raw materials to prevent injuries from lifting heavy loads or exposure to hazardous chemicals.


Adequate ventilation and personal protective equipment (PPE) should be provided for workers dealing with chemicals.


Regular inspection of equipment like crushers and conveyors to prevent accidents.


3.Melting and Refining


Due to the high temperatures in the furnace area, heat-resistant PPE including gloves, face shields, and aprons should be worn.


Ensuring furnace stability and proper insulation to avoid overheating and potential explosions.


Monitoring gas and electricity usage to prevent fire hazards and electric shocks.


Implementing strict protocols for handling molten glass to prevent burns and spills. Use fire-resistant materials and barriers can help contain spills.


4.Float Bath


Maintaining proper temperature and viscosity of the molten glass to prevent defects and accidents.


Regular inspection and maintenance of the float bath equipment to prevent leaks and spills.


Providing adequate guarding and safety barriers around the float bath area to prevent falls and injuries.


5.Annealing


Monitoring annealing ovens for proper temperature and airflow to prevent thermal shock and glass breakage.


Implementing lockout/tagout procedures when performing maintenance to prevent accidental machine starts.


Training workers on safe handling of annealed glass to prevent cuts and injuries from sharp edges.


Regular maintenance and guarding of annealing lehr (oven) involves moving parts can prevent entanglement or crush injuries.


6.Cutting and Packaging


Ensuring the proper functioning of cutting machinery and implementing safety guards to prevent amputations and injuries.


Providing training on safe lifting techniques to prevent strains and musculoskeletal injuries.


Using protective gloves and goggles when handling glass to prevent cuts and eye injuries.


Training on proper lifting and carrying techniques is important to prevent injuries. Use of mechanical aids for moving large sheets of glass is recommended.


Proper storage methods should be used to prevent glass sheets from tipping and falling. Glass should be stored in racks that are designed to prevent slippage.


7.Quality Control and Inspection


Conducting regular inspections of the glass for defects and imperfections to maintain quality standards.


Training workers on proper quality control procedures and safe handling of defective glass.


Implementing measures to prevent glass shards and debris from causing injuries during inspection processes.


Reporting of Near Misses and Incidents: Encouraging the reporting of near misses and incidents can help identify potential hazards before they result in injuries.


Throughout all stages of production, it's essential to prioritize employee training, provide adequate safety equipment, conduct regular inspections, and maintain a culture of safety awareness to mitigate potential risks and ensure a safe working environment.


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